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Land Between the Lakes
Between Kentucky Lake and Lake Barkley, in the counties of Lyon and Trigg,
Kentucky, and Stewart County, Tennessee.
Physiographic Province: PIF 14 (Interior Low Plateaus [Western Highland Rim]); BCR 27 (Southeastern Coastal Plain)
Piney Campground--Lat. 362913N Long. 0880151W
Boswell Landing--Lat. 363102N 0880135W
Gatlin Point--Lat. 363347N Long. 0875423W
Neville Bay--Lat. 363645N Long. 0875500W
The Home Place--Lat. 363923N Long. 0875825W
Rushing Creek Campground--Lat. 364011N Long. 0880301W
404' Piney Campground
351' Boswell Landing
351' Gatlin Point
351' Neville Bay
390' The Home Place
361' Rushing Creek Campground
Size: 170,000 acres (64,000 Tennessee and 106,000 Kentucky)
USGS 7.5' quads: Hamlin, Linton, Paris Landing, Rushing Bay, Tharpe, others
Description: LBL is the largest inland peninsula in the United States. This inland peninsula formed between Kentucky Lake (Tennessee River) and Lake Barkley (Cumberland River) is a 270-square-mile national recreation and environmental education area. It is the second largest contiguous block of forested public land east of the Mississippi River. The region was primarily an iron production center during the mid-19th century. Seventeen iron furnaces operated within what is now LBL. Within LBL, 42, 500 acres (25%) are set aside as a Biosphere Reserve. While most of LBL is forests, 7% (12,050 acres) consists of open lands; 2.3% (3,900 acres) farming activities for corn, soybeans, winter wheat and hay crops of which 20% is for wildlife; 0.6% (1,050 acres) for woods openings of 2-10-acres that provide habitat diversity and food for wildlife; and a (0.4%) 750-acre Elk & Bison Prairie that contains barrens grasslands.
Some of what LBL contains includes: 420 miles of roads, 26 lake access areas with boat ramps, 5 courtesy docks, 4 fishing piers, 6 beaches, 90 bridges, 5 dams, 200 miles of hiking and biking trails, over 90 miles of horse and wagon trails, 1,535 campsites in four developed campgrounds, five lake access areas with primitive camping, virtually unlimited backcountry camping, and 300 miles of undeveloped shoreline (more shoreline than Lake Superior--3,500 miles versus 2, 590 miles.)
Criteria: 2, 3, 4f
Ornithological Importance: Contains several Tennessee In Need of Management species: Cerulean Warbler: A small group of 3-5 singing males present 2004-2005 at and around Bear Creek at the South Entrance. Henslow's Sparrow: Seven territories were documented in 2003 and 2 were monitored on the Tennessee side. By 2005, the wet meadow/cool season grassland area was converted to Native Warm Season Grasses as part of open lands ecological restoration work in LBL. This conversion should provide increased habitat quality for Henslow Sparrows in the future.
Note 1. The winter number of Bald Eagles, a Tennessee In Need of Management species, rank among the top four in Tennessee. The ten-year average (1991-2000) from the Mid-Winter Bald Eagle Survey is 38 birds. The table below summaries this survey 1991-2000, 2003. There are 11 active nesting sites (Tennessee and Kentucky).
|Mid-Winter Bald Eagle Survey LBL (Tennessee) 1991-2000, 2003|
2. The large and diversified habitats within the LBL attract a complement
of species in their respective habitats. During the migration periods, the woods
hold large numbers of neotropical migrants. Some 25-30 species of warblers in
a day occur regularly in the spring. During the breeding season, over 40 neotropical
species regularly breed including 17 species of warblers and 4 species of vireos.
The vast interior woods hold significant numbers of Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Eastern
Wood-Pewee, Acadian Flycatcher, Red-eyed Vireo, Black-and-white Warbler, Worm-eating
Warbler, Ovenbird, Summer Tanager, and Scarlet Tanager. Along edges and in bottomlands,
Northern Parula, Louisiana Waterthrush, and Kentucky Warbler are common. Individual
numbers of year-round species are high among them Red-bellied Woodpecker, Pileated
Woodpecker, and White-breasted Nuthatch indicative of the mature wooded habitat.
Point Counts: A total of 411 counts on 4 Tennessee routes, 1993-2000, resulted in 4,820 individuals of 78 species. The table below summaries the top 20 species by relative abundance of individuals on counts. Of the top 20 species, 12 species were neotropical (60%).
20 Species On Counts at LBL (Tennessee)|
By Relative Abundance of Individuals 1993-2000
|* = neotropical|
Avg. No Season
Max. No. Season
Years of Data
|2||Bald Eagle (NOM) (See Note 1 above.)||W, B||W-38, B-11||W-47||1991-2000||5|
Habitat: Large and natural (See Note 2 above.)
|4f||Land Birds: Neotropical (See Note 2 above.)||B, SM, FM||4|
B = Breeding, W = Wintering, SM = Spring Migration, FM = Fall Migration|
Source 2 1-Atlas Breeding Birds of Tennessee 2-Breeding Bird Surveys 3-Christmas Bird Counts
4-Point Counts 5-Refuge Counts 6-Personal observations 7-Other (specify)
US Forest Service (formerly TVA).
Management Program: TVA completed a Natural Resource Management Plan in 1994 prior to the transfer of the area to the US Forest Service. The US Forest Service completed a Land and Resource Management Plan in 2004.
Approved as an IBA site: February 2006--Yes 6 No 1
This page was last updated on 02/19/06.